RELEASE PREVENTION PROGRAM (CalARP)
Federal Clean Air Act amended. Section
112(r) set forth requirement for EPA to develop regulations to address
accidental release of hazardous chemicals.
EPA promulgates initial
implementing regulations with 3 year stay for specific requirements. Set
forth list of substances and threshold quantities for applicability.
EPA amends implementing
regulations to include specific requirements for accidental release of
California Office of Emergency Services (OES) adopts emergency regulations
to implement federal regulations concerning accidental release of
hazardous chemicals. These regulations are known as the California
Accidental Release Prevention Program (CalARP).
June 21, 1999
Risk Management Plans
are due to Administering Agencies.
Regulations apply to a
stationary source that has more than the "threshold quantity" of a listed
substance. Threshold quantities include propane at 10,000 pounds (2,381
gallons) and ammonia (anhydrous) at 10,000 pounds.
Agencies responsible for administering the CalARP Program at the local
level will be the individual Certified Unified Permitting Agencies (CUPAs),
in most cases the individual counties.
There are already in place
many existing requirements for propane storage. There are requirements for
structure and design from the local fire districts, and building
requirements from the counties. There are also existing requirements for
hazardous materials emergency response plans (business plans).
with no accidental release, over pressure, or explosion resulting in
death, injury, or response to exposure to an environmental receptor.
- Distance to toxic or flammable endpoint is less than the distance to
- Emergency response coordinated between stationary source and local
emergency planning and response agencies.
If you can't meet above requirements.
worst-case release scenario and submit in RMP
- Submit 5 year accident history
- Coordinate emergency response with local agencies
and implement management system
- Conduct Hazard Assessment
-Implement Program 2 Prevention Steps
- Develop and Implement Emergency Response Program
1990 Clean Air Act
Section 112(r)(1) Purpose and General
It shall be the objective of the regulations and programs authorized under
this subsection to prevent and to minimize the consequences of any such
release of any substance listed pursuant to paragraph (3) or any other
extremely hazardous substances. The owners and operators of stationary
sources producing, processing, handling, or storing such substances have a
general duty in the same manner and to the same extent as section 654,
title 29, of the United States Code, to identify hazards which may result
from such releases using appropriate hazard assessment techniques, to
design and maintain a safe facility taking such steps as are necessary to
prevent releases, and to minimize the consequences of accidental releases
which do occur.
Means an unanticipated emission of a regulated substance or other
extremely hazardous substance into the ambient air from a stationary
Means any buildings, structures, equipment, installations or
substances emitting stationary activities (i) which belong to the same
industrial group, (ii) which are located on one or more contiguous
properties, (iii) which are under the control of the same person (or
person under common control), and (iv) from which an accidental release
Federal - 40 CFR Part 68 -
Chemical Accident Prevention Practices
State - Title 19, Division 2, Chapter 4.5, California
Accidental Release Prevention Program (CalARP)